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qLegal provides free legal advice, workshops and resources to start-ups and entrepreneurs.

In this section we provide resources covering a variety of topics, including: Intellectual Property rights, privacy and compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), business structures and incorporation, and guidance for kickstarting a business in the UK.

Setting things up

I Am Setting Up My Company, Which Structure Should I Go For [PDF 1,028KB]
This toolkit explains the factors to consider when selecting a corporate structure for your business and outlines the main differences between operating your business as a sole trader, a partnership and a limited company.

Doing Social Good and Choosing Your Charity Structure [PDF 276KB]
This toolkit is designed to assist start-ups who are considering structuring their business as a charity.

Confidentiality Agreements [PDF 887KB]
This toolkit provides start-ups with a general understanding of confidentiality agreements, their purpose and the typical contexts in which they are used. It lists the key provisions to include in such agreements, and limitations to their use.

How contracts work [PDF 732KB]
This online publication explains some of the basics regarding how English law contracts work in business-to-business situations and some of the key things to think about if you're entering into a business agreement.

What to consider when creating a website for your business [PDF 818KB]
This online publication explains what things to consider before creating a website, for example for a small company wishing to sell its products online (B2C). Firstly, the question of acquiring ownership of a domain name will be dealt with. Secondly, the issue of cookies and privacy policies and their importance will be examined. Thirdly, the terms and conditions will be discussed. Finally, the document will explain what SEOs are and what they are used for.

Kickstarting your business

Understanding Funding Structures for Start-ups Before Meeting with Investors [PDF 969KB]
This toolkit outlines the various funding structures available to start-ups, and the key considerations start-ups should make in choosing a funding structure that works for their business.

What to Consider When You Hire and or Work with Others [PDF 477KB]
This toolkit is designed to assist businesses in understanding the differences in hiring employees, contractors and workers.

What to consider when selling your product/services online [PDF 1,062KB]
This online publication provides an overview of the legal tools that you need to keep in mind when selling products and/or services online.

How to Successfully Kick Start your Business: Top 5 legal tips! [PDF 956KB]
This online publication points-out some of the most relevant issues that may arise when starting a business. Topics are briefly explained, and further information is provided through links to more detailed documents or helpful websites.

Intellectual Property

Introduction to Intellectual Property Rights [PDF 788KB]
This toolkit is designed to assist start-ups in understanding the basics of intellectual property rights and how they might apply to their business.

Copyright Explained [PDF 941KB]
This toolkit is designed to assist start-ups in understanding the basics of copyright and how it might apply to their business.

Design Rights Explained [PDF 908KB]
This toolkit is designed to assist start-ups in understanding the basics of design rights and how they might apply to their business.

Protect Your Brand! Trade Marks Explained – Part 1 Introducing Trade Marks [PDF 843KB]
This toolkit is Part 1 of a series on trade marks. It is designed to assist start-ups in understanding the basics of trade marks and how they might apply to their business.

Protect Your Brand! Trade Marks Explained – Part 2 Registered Trade Marks [PDF 930KB]
This toolkit is Part 2 of a series on trade marks. It is designed to assist start-ups in understanding the basics of registered trade marks and how they might apply to their business.

Protect Your Brand! Trade Marks Explained – Part 3 Unregistered Trade Marks and Passing Off [PDF 801KB]
This toolkit is Part 3 of a series on trade marks. It is designed to assist start-ups in understanding the basics of unregistered trade marks and how they might apply to their business.

Protect your Invention! Patents and Trade Secrets Explained [PDF 587KB]
This toolkit is designed to assist start-ups in understanding patents and trade secrets, and how they might apply to their business.

Ways to Commercialise Your IP [PDF 172KB]
This toolkit provides start-ups with an overview of the various ways of strategising their Intellectual Property Rights, such as assignment, licensing, franchising, joint ventures and spin-offs.

Confidentiality Agreements [PDF 887KB]
This toolkit provides start-ups with a general understanding of confidentiality agreements, their purpose and the typical contexts in which they are used. It lists the key provisions to include in such agreements, and limitations to their use.

Protecting your IP when collaborating with others [PDF 209KB]
This online publication gives an overview of some key considerations a business should take into account in protecting their Intellectual Property (IP) when collaborating with others.

Licensing Intellectual Property [PDF 864KB]
This toolkit aims to provide an overview of what an IP licence is, how you can commercialise Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) and the various ways of strategising your IPRs. The toolkit sets out the reasons and benefits of licensing, the key terms of a licence and other important considerations.

Data protection and GDPR

The impact of the GDPR for start-ups: A UK perspective [PDF 737KB] 
This toolkit provides information on the impact of the General Data Protection Regulation on start-ups in the UK, detailing how start-ups can ensure compliance with the GDPR, the penalties for non-compliance and the effect of Brexit on data protection in the UK.

Protecting your start-up from a cyberattack [PDF 865KB]
This online publication explains how a start-up can protect itself from a cyberattack.

Companies’ Directors and Founders

Companies’ Directors and Founders [PDF 752KB]
This online publication outlines the different types of directors, their roles and duties, as well as their various liabilities.

The future of work

The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the workplace [PDF 653KB]
It is inevitable to stumble upon AI in today’s modern environment. The technology can benefit our lives in many ways. This online publication will clarify how the technology impacts the workplace and what the legal concerns thereof are.

Introduction to Key Agreements

Introduction to Founders’ Agreement [PDF 564KB]
This online publication provides an introduction to Founders’ Agreement, their importance, key provisions included in them, and how they can be used to attract investors.

Introduction to Supply Agreements [PDF 1,014KB]
This online publication explains “supply agreements”. As the term would suggest, a supply agreement is an agreement between a supplier and a customer for the purchase of goods and/or services.

Introduction to Shareholder Agreements: [PDF 124KB]
The functioning of a company depends on its financing. As a result, shareholders, as owners of shares in a company, help to fund companies when they buy and sell shares. To structure the relationship between shareholders and govern the management of the company, it is important to put in place a shareholder agreement.

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